Churchill County was one of Nevada’s nine original counties when founded in 1861. Churchill County has produced a total of 164,605 ounces of gold as a by product of lode mines. Placer mining has been insignificant. The best chances for placer are in the Terrill Mountains and Barnett Hills in the southwestern corner of the county, gravel deposits in the Trinity Range northwest of Alkali Flats and the placers at the north end of the Sand Springs Range in the southern part of the county.
At Eastgate, on route 2, five miles east of U.S. 50 and about 60 miles east of Fallon had many are lead / Silver mines that had a by product of gold. If you go south by southwest of Eastgate by 18 miles on route 23, is the location of the Gold Basin District. In the Gold Basin District the are lode mines produce lode gold.
Southeast of Fallon 23~30 miles, is the location of the Sand Springs District, which produced 20,875 ounces of gold from 1905-1951. You can find the Dan Tucker Mine in this district, which produced a by product of gold.
On U.S. 50 about 42 miles southeast of Fallon, then south 20~30 miles on Route 31 in adjoining Mineral County and southeast on Route 23 in Mineral and Nye Counties, is a very large mining region. From Frenchman east 6 miles to north trending dirt road, to Dixie Valley area there are several important mine.
Northeast 3~5 miles to a 5 way crossroads, take the northeast road 11 miles to the old camp of Wonder. On the west slope of the Clan Alpine Range is the Wonder District. The Wonder District had a total production of 73,890 ounces of gold, mostly from the Nevada Wonder Mine. Also at the old camps of Alpine in the area of Dry Lake and Bernice there are some area lode mines that produced a by product of gold. Northeast of crossroads 3 miles, turn north 12~20 miles to the old camps of Boyer, Cottonwood Canyon, Bolivia (all in the Table Mountain area) the area lode mines produced a by product of gold. South about 20 miles on Route 31, to Shad Run, there are many mines that produced a by product of gold.
East 11 miles and south on Route 23, on the west slope of Fairview Peak, is the Fairview district. The Fairview District had a total production of around 54,000 ounces of gold. There are many area mines that produced gold. The Nevada Hills Mine, major base metal producer in the county, along with Eagleville and Dromedary mines produced a by product of gold. Just south of Fairview, in the area gravel deposits, you can find placer gold. 7 miles south of Fairview, old camp of South Fairview, had many area mines and 1 mile east at Bell Mountain there were some more gold mines.
Southwest of White Plains 3 miles is the Desert (or White Plains) Mine. This mine had a rich ore body that produced significant lode gold.